Is Hardware Engineering Dead?
Hardware engineering plays a crucial role in the field of Internet of Things (IoT) technology. As the name suggests, IoT refers to the network of interconnected physical objects that are able to collect and exchange data using embedded sensors, actuators, and other communication technologies.
One of the key components of IoT technology is the integrated circuit (IC), which is a tiny chip that contains a complex network of transistors and other electronic components. These circuits are essential for performing the various functions of an IoT device, such as processing data, transmitting and receiving signals, and controlling other hardware components.
The heart of an IoT device is typically a microprocessor, which is a type of IC that is specifically designed for carrying out complex computational tasks. These microprocessors are capable of executing instructions from a program, which allows them to perform various functions such as data analysis, decision making, and communication with other devices.
The design of these integrated circuits and microprocessors is a crucial aspect of hardware engineering in the IoT field. Engineers must carefully plan the layout and functionality of these circuits in order to ensure that they are able to perform the desired tasks efficiently and reliably. This often involves the use of specialized software tools and extensive testing to ensure that the circuits are functioning correctly.
Once the design of the circuits has been finalized, they must be fabricated using specialized manufacturing processes. This typically involves the use of advanced equipment such as lithography machines and chemical etching systems to create the tiny components of the circuits on a wafer of semiconductor material.
After the fabrication process is complete, the circuits must undergo a series of tests to ensure that they are functioning properly and are free of defects. These tests may include electrical measurements, functional testing, and environmental testing to verify that the circuits can withstand the conditions in which they will be used.
In addition to the design and fabrication of individual circuits, hardware engineers in the IoT field must also consider the overall system architecture of an IoT device. This involves designing the various hardware components, such as sensors, actuators, and communication modules, and integrating them into a cohesive system that is able to perform the desired functions.
Overall, hardware engineering plays a critical role in the development of IoT technology, from the design and fabrication of integrated circuits and microprocessors to the creation of complex system architectures. With the continued growth of IoT applications, the demand for skilled hardware engineers is likely to remain strong in the coming years.
Numeral IOT is passionate about harnessing the power of the Internet of Things (IoT) in Africa, With a strong focus on sensors, hardware, Software and manufacturing.